Production of Iron Ores or Steel in Steel Processing Facilities
Many countries today have steel mills or steel production plants that are materials needed to build big infrastructures and different kinds of materials for home and business use. The steel processing plant usually follows three major steps. First melting the iron from a certain source of heat. Then the melted ore is put in a furnace. Then lastly the molten product is further processed to come up with a solid steel. This processing can be made in one big facility, however most mills for steel buy the heat sources from other vendors or producers.
Coke is a source of fuel from carbon that is used to reduce iron and then pulverized to become miniature coal. Then it is put in the oven tightly sealed and heated in very high temperature for several hours. Heat is usually transferred from an oven to a different oven to lessen the requirement for energy. Then when the coke production has ended it is then moved to a tower for quenching so it will cool. Once it has been cooled, it is then directly move to a furnace for the melting process or in a storage unit for later usage.
There are other fuel sources for making steel like gases, natural gases, tar and oils to be able to take the place of coke processing.
Most steel milling plants utilize and make different kinds of chemicals in their daily operations. These chemicals have always posed a high risk or chance of causing accidents that can even lead to disasters that are unimaginable. These can be very much prevented by a proper management protocol. The most common cause of accidents are due to chemical handling and systems for safety which are not being followed, human mistakes and natural calamities. These chemical accidents can lead to explosions and toxic releases.
Steel and iron making is a process which involves high temperatures and personnel handling very hot liquids to be made into metals or steel which includes the processing, melting and blowing all at very high temperatures. There is always a chance of gas leaking while handling them and storing. Release of toxic wastes or by products coming from coke oven and BOF gases can also cause fire. Tank farms and liquid oxygen tanks can also cause disastrous explosions.
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